In two canonical decisions of the 1920s—Meyer v. Nebraska and Pierce v. Society of Sisters—the Supreme Court announced that family (including certain relations within it) was an institution falling under the Constitution’s protective umbrella. Since then, proponents of “family values” have claimed that a timeless form of family—nuclear and biological—is crucial to the constitutional order. Mark Brandon’s new book, however, challenges these claims.
Brandon addresses debates currently roiling America—the regulation of procreation, the roles of women, the education of children, divorce, sexuality, and the meanings of marriage. He also takes on claims of scholars who attribute modern change in family law to mid-twentieth-century Supreme Court decisions upholding privacy. He shows that the “constitutional” law of family has much deeper roots.
Offering glimpses into American households across time, Brandon looks at the legal and constitutional norms that have aimed to govern those households and the lives within them. He argues that, well prior to the 1960s, the nature of families in America had been continually changing—especially during western expansion, but also in the founding era. He further contends that the monogamous nuclear family was codified only at the end of the nineteenth century as a response to Mormon polygamy, communal experiments, and Native American households.
Brandon discusses the evolution of familial jurisprudence as applied to disputes over property, inheritance, work, reproduction, the status of women and children, the regulation of sex, and the legal limits to and constitutional significance of marriage. He shows how the Supreme Court’s famous decisions in the latter part of the twentieth century were largely responses to societal change, and he cites a wide range of cases that offer fresh insight into the ways the legal system responded to various forms of family life.
More than a historical overview, the book also considers the development of same-sex marriage as a political and legal issue in our time. States of Union is a groundbreaking volume that explains how family came to be “in” the Constitution, what it has meant for family to be constitutionally significant, and what the implications of that significance are for the constitutional order and for families.
Mark E. Brandon is Professor of Law at Vanderbilt University Law School and author of Free in the World: American Slavery and Constitutional Failure.
". . . presents a great deal of fresh material, particularly about unconventional families, and in this regard it makes a real contribution to the field."—American Political Thought
"Brandon’s case is forcefully and persuasively argued. He successfully underscores the knotty relationship between the American family and the Constitution and ultimately provides a better understanding of both."—American Historical Review
"Excellent, timely. Brandon’s book has important implications for major issues currently in the courts, will illuminate many contemporary discussions."—Choice
"Brandon shows readers why the marital family was significant for creating and justifying political order, Brandon traces the connection between family structure and political order across centuries of American civilization, from the monarchical theory of early modern England to contemporary debates on same-sex marriage."—Tulsa Law Review
"The value of this book lies in its many detailed accounts of how and why a particular form of family became established in American constitutional law, and with what long-term consequences."—Journal of Interdisciplinary History
"Brandon’s ambitious narrative successfully demonstrates that the trans-historical, "natural" family is a cultural illusion."—Ohio Valley History
“Brandon persuasively challenges contemporary claims that our political order, since the Founding, has rested upon a particular family form and set of legal and moral norms. This wry and engaging book should inform ongoing discussions about family values, family forms, and the political and constitutional order.”—Linda C. McClain, author of The Place of Families: Fostering Capacity, Equality, and Responsibility
“A timely, substantive and deeply engaging book that brilliantly analyzes the ever-changing place of families in American culture and law from colonial settlement to the contemporary debate over the constitutionality of gay marriage.”—David S. Tanenhaus, author of The Constitutional Rights of Children: In re Gault and Juvenile Justice
Introduction: Family Values
1. Family and Civilization
2. The English Ancestry of the American Law of Family
3. Family at the Birth of the American Order
4. Slaves, the Slaveholding Household, and the Racial Family
5. Home on the Range: Families in American Continental Settlement
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