Changing Urban Education
Studies in Government and Public Policy
Sales Date: September 1, 1998
332 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
- Published: September 1998
- Published: September 1998
With critical issues like desegregation and funding facing our schools, dissatisfaction with public education has reached a new high. Teachers decry inadequate resources while critics claim educators are more concerned with job security than effective teaching. Though urban education has reached crisis proportions, contending players have difficulty agreeing on a common program of action. This book tells why.
Changing Urban Education confronts the prevailing naivete in school reform by examining the factors that shape, reinforce, or undermine reform efforts. Edited by one of the nation's leading urban scholars, it examines forces for change and resistance in urban education and proposes that the barrier to reform can only be overcome by understanding how schools fit into the broader political contexts of their cities.
Much of the problem with our schools lies with the reluctance of educators to recognize the profoundly political character of public education. The contributors show how urban political contexts vary widely with factors like racial composition, the role of the teachers' union, and relations between cities and surrounding metropolitan areas. Presenting case studies of original field research in Baltimore, Chicago, Houston, and six other urban areas, they consider how resistance to desegregation and the concentration of the poor in central urban areas affect education, and they suggest how cities can build support for reform through the involvement of business and other community players.
By demonstrating the complex interrelationship between urban education and politics, this book shows schools to be not just places for educating children, but also major employers and large spenders of tax dollars. It also introduces the concept of civic capacity—the ability of educators and non-educators to work together on common goals—and suggests that this key issue must be addressed before education can be improved.
Changing Urban Education makes it clear to educators that the outcome of reform efforts depends heavily on their political context as it reminds political scientists that education is a major part of the urban mix. While its prognosis is not entirely optimistic, it sets forth important guidelines that cannot be ignored if our schools are to successfully prepare children for the future.
"This important book, a welcome addition to the ongoing debate about urban education, offers a comprehensive approach to studying change in urban school systems."—Choice
"The 13 chapters lucidly point out the difficulty of changing such an entrenched monolith as public education, a complex decentralized enterprise existing in different contexts across the United States. Instead of calling for higher standards and better teachers, this book emphasizes that real school reform must come through the political realm—it can’t be imposed from above as an election year promise."—Library Journal
"This is the most important nationwide study of urban education politics in the last twenty years. The scope and quality of the case studies will generate intense discussion among policy makers and scholars. The concluding sections provide an incisive analysis of whether change in urban education is possible."—Michael W. Kirst, coauthor of Schools in Conflict: The Politics of Education
"A unique resource for understanding why systematic educational reform is so hard to achieve today. Based on extensive and original research, the essays bring school reform into the broader political arena, showing how stakeholders across communities combine to promote—or prevent—change. This book will be of great interest to students of urban politics as well as practitioners in the education community."—Margaret Weir, coauthor of Schooling for All
"A must read for those who want to learn about urban education and for all who care about improving schools."—Susan H. Fuhrman, editor of Designing Coherent Education Policy
"Unlike most other studies of urban education policy, which either ignore politics or treat it only as a source of interference and distortion, this volume emphasizes that school reform must come through collective political engagement; reformers who try to work around politics are destined to fail."—Jeffrey R. Henig, author of Rethinking School Choice
1. Introduction: Urban Education in Political Context, Clarence N. Stone
Part 1. Desegregation
2. Can We Desegregate Public Schools and Subsidized Housing? Lessons from the Sorry History of Yonkers, New York, Jennifer Hochschild and Michael N. Danielson
3. Regionalism Forestalled: Metropolitan Fragmentation and Desegregation Planning in Greater New Haven, Connecticut, Kathryn A. McDermott
4. Consensus Building and School Reform: The Role of the Courts in San Francisco, Luis Ricardo Fraga, Bari Anhalt Erlichson, and Sandy Lee
Part 2. Obstacles to Reform
5. The Challenges of School Reform in Baltimore: Race, Jobs, and Politics, Marion Orr
6. Grassroots Action in East Brooklyn: A Community Organization Takes Up School Reform, Timothy Ross
7. Strategy and Tactics in Subsystem Protection: The Politics of Education Reform in Montgomery County, Maryland, Cheryl L. Jones and Connie Hill
Part 3. Business Involvement and the Struggle for Reform
8. Corporate Influence on Chicago School Reform, Dorothy Shipps
9. School Politics in Houston: The Impact of Business Involvement, Thomas Longoria, Jr.
10. Education and Regime Change in Charlotte, Stephen Samuel Smith
Part 4. The Elusive Search for Civic Capacity
11. Changing Urban Education: Defining the Issues, Kathryn M. Doherty
12. Civic Capacity and Urban School Reform, Clarence N. Stone
Part 5. Conclusion
13. Changing Urban Education: Lessons, Cautions, Prospects, Michael N. Danielson and Jennifer Hochschild