Individualism versus Community in an Ethnic Context
Raymond A. Belliotti
When Raymond Belliotti was twelve, he stole from a local merchant. After making restitution and apologies, he was faced with his mother's Italian-American pride and wrath—he had besmirched the family name, reinforced stereotypical criminal images of Italian-Americans, and repaid the sacrifices of his parents and grandparents with disgrace. The message was clear—his self-indulgent greed had taken down an entire family network. But later that night his mother symbolically welcomed him back into the fold by baking his favorite cookies. The family survived and he never stole again.
In Seeking Identity, Belliotti combines ethical theory and personal experience as he explores family and community influences on individual behavior within an ethnic setting. He scrutinizes the fine line Italian-Americans and others with ethnic ties must continually tread between personal freedom and community bonds. Individuals, he shows, are linked to a variety of often conflicting groups-family, friends, neighborhood, country, international alliances, and ethnic, gender, and racial unions. Constantly influenced by ancestry and affiliation, Belliotti argues, they simultaneously long for emotional attachment yet are horrified that their individuality may evaporate once they achieve it.
“Sheds considerable light on the underlying problem of identity.”
—Philosophy in ReviewSee all reviews...
“A rewarding reading that adds to the findings of previous research from an appealing and eclectic prospective which combines philosophy, sociology, history and autobiographical narrative.”
—American Italian Historical Association Newsletter
“This engaging book contributes to an array of contemporary issues, including individualism versus community, feminism, war and pacifism, government authority, and personal and ethnic identity. Belliotti’s methodology is nothing less than philosophy in a new key, blending autobiographical reflection and analytic argument. His vision is original and bold; his style is something like disciplined panache.”
—Mike W. Martin, author of Self-Deception and Morality
“A unique and rich approach to the philosophical discussion of ethical aspects of the tension between the individual and society. Combining ethnological and historical materials with painstaking philosophical analyses, Belliotti shows in a novel way how abstract ethical and political theory can be brought together with a concrete social heritage and real-life tensions between the self and society. A very readable and provocative treatment of salient contemporary issues.”
—John Ladd, editor of Ethical Relativism
“Seeking Identity considers an important and interesting topic: ethnicity as a component of self. And it does so in a very special way, informed by recollections from Belliotti’s own Italian-American background, which introduce a great range of philosophical discussions. There is much wisdom, some very good philosophy, not a little pathos, and a considerable amount of wonderful entertainment in this well-written, intelligent, and insightful book. Its conclusions for ethnic groups are superb.”
—Jan Narveson, author of Moral Matters and The Libertarian Idea
“An original, insightful, and successful blending of moral and political philosophy, sociology, and history, flavored with delightful autobiographical passages.”
—Ramon M. Lemos, author of Metaphysical InvestigationsSee fewer reviews...
Outlining the unwritten but deeply ingrained system of moral rules that Italian immigrants brought to America, Belliotti examines that system in relation to the current debates on moral theory between those who argue we owe the most to people close to us and those who contend we must attach no special weight to our own interests when determining proper moral action. He also investigates philosophical, historical, sociological, and political aspects of government authority, examines conflicting images of Italian immigrant women, and analyzes war and pacifism.
In some respects, Belliotti contends, the self is deeply situated, socially embedded in contingent family, ethnic, and national understandings. But in other respects, it is adrift and never fully resolved as it struggles to define and redefine itself during its unremitting journey along multiple dimensions of the individualism-community continuum.