The American Elsewhere
Adventure and Manliness in the Age of Expansion
Jimmy L. Bryan Jr.
As important cultural icons of the early nineteenth-century United States, adventurers energized the mythologies of the West and contributed to the justifications of territorial conquest. They told stories of exhilarating perils, boundless landscapes, and erotic encounters that elevated their chauvinism, avarice, and violence into forms of nobility. As self-proclaimed avatars of American exceptionalism, Jimmy L. Bryan Jr. suggests in The American Elsewhere, adventurers transformed westward expansion into a project of romantic nationalism.
A study of US expansionism from 1815–1848, The American Elsewhere delves into the “adventurelogues” of the era to reveal the emotional world of men who sought escape from the anonymity of the urban East and pressures of the Market Revolution. As volunteers, trappers, traders, or curiosity seekers, they stepped into “elsewheres,” distant and dangerous. With their words and art, they entered these unfamiliar realms that had fostered caution and apprehension, and they reimagined them as regions that awakened romantic and reckless optimism. In doing so, Bryan shows, adventurers created the figure of the remarkable American male that generated a wide appeal and encouraged a personal investment in nationhood among their audiences.
“The admirable detailed scholarship and deft use of manliness as construction allow The American Elsewhere to show convincingly how the ideal and the reality of the adventurer with its promise of renewed male vitality energized U.S. expansion.”
—Pacific Historical Review
“Scholars interested in understanding how changing ideas of masculinity contributed to the expansion of the United States from 1815 to 1848 should read Bryan’s book. Furthermore, historians who want to see how the fresh examination of seemingly trite literary texts can lead to exciting new insights should also read this scholarship.”
—Journal of Arizona HistorySee all reviews...
“For a more nuanced perspective, Bryan consulted original sources and contemporary scholarship to show what the frontier meant to the people who went there.”
—Chronicles of Oklahoma
“A fascinating and tirelessly researched examination of the adventurer’s construction of American masculinity and exceptionalism.”
—Great Plains Quarterly
“Intriguing and insightful.”
—Southwestern Historical Quarterly
“[Bryan] offers a sophisticated argument that complements previous scholarship and reaffirms the importance of adventure narratives in the story of US culture in the 19th century.”
“A marvelous new study. . . . Bryans investigation in the self-fashioning of adventurers in the first half of the nineteenth century grounds the literature of adventure within the larger Romantic movement of the period and makes a convincing argument that particular practices of masculinity, driven by a yearning for dashing exploits and romantic exploration among readers, naturalized the use of violence in the service of America’s perceived destiny.”
—Montana The Magazine of Western History
“American Elsewhere guides us through the tortuous and often baleful mental landscapes of American adventurers in the time of Jackson. In chasing the chimera of genuine experience, Bryan’s subjects create both a brotherhood of sentiment and geography of racial difference. Bryan’s grasp of emotional topographies is masterful. Saddle up and follow his lead.”
—Daniel Herman, author of Hell on the Range: A Story of Honor, Conscience, and the American West
“This book is a compelling investigation of how stories of Western adventurers (explorers, patriot warriors, and men of enterprise) from the end of the War of 1812 to the end of the U.S.-Mexican War romantically redefined the staid conventions of American manhood and thereby promoted a national ethos of manifest destiny. A unique, pivotal study in the cultural history of American exceptionalism and expansionism, it is well researched and plentifully documented, argued with judicious balance and critical discernment, and quite readable.”
—Michael L. Johnson, author of Hunger for the Wild: America’s Obsession with the Untamed West
“In appealing, accessible prose, Bryan explores the world of the adventurer. He draws fresh insights from sources long familiar to western historians and uncovers sources long forgotten as he demonstrates the role played by romantic self-fashioning in the national project of territorial acquisition. He shows us how white men imagined, enacted, and narrated their adventures in contested spaces and thereby contributed to changing concepts of gender, race, and class in a tumultuous era of market revolution and aggressive border warfare. Bryan organizes his sprawling array of sources into a readable study that will interest scholars in many fields, including western and borderlands history, gender studies, and American studies.”
—Monica Rico, author of Nature’s Noblemen: Transatlantic Masculinities and the Nineteenth-Century American WestSee fewer reviews...
Bryan provides a thorough reading of a wide variety of sources—including correspondence, travel accounts, fiction, poetry, artwork, and material culture—and finds that adventurers told stories and shaped images that beguiled a generation of Americans into believing in their own exceptionality and in their destiny to conquer the continent.