The Bully Pulpit

The Politics of Protestant Clergy

James L. Guth, John C. Green, Corwin E. Smidt, Lyman A. Kellstedt, and Margaret M. Poloma

When Democrats lost control of Congress in 1994, the Christian Right claimed a major role in their defeat and House Speaker Newt Gingrich credited the "organized Christian vote" with the Republican victory. Ministers from many political persuasions have long been active in American politics, but in the 1980s and 1990s it has seemed impossible to find any political controversy that did not involve the clergy-often on both sides of the issue.

The Bully Pulpit is the first major study of clergy politics in more than twenty years. Drawing on two decades of survey research involving thousands of ministers nationwide, five social scientists explore the political lives of clergy in eight evangelical and mainline Protestant denominations, including the Assemblies of God, Southern Baptist Convention, United Methodist Church, and Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. They find that the competing theological perspectives of orthodoxy and modernism are increasingly tied to ideological and partisan divisions in American politics.

“The authors have produced a work of particular interest to social scientists and politicians that unravels many of the mysteries of clergy participation in civic and social justice issues.

—Library Journal

“This book is indispensable to anyone who hopes to understand American Protestant politics. Its considerable excellences include a delightful mix of anecdotes and hard data; some subtle distinctions between theology, social theology, and eschatology (all separately measured); a solid grasp of the way that social change influences politics; and a deep understanding of the eight denominations that are being studied.

—Political Science Quarterly
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In addressing the nature and extent of clerical participation, The Bully Pulpit asks the following questions: How do different groups of ministers see their role in politics? What activities do they approve or disapprove? How active are Protestant clergy in politics? What factors account for the level and kinds of participation? Do the patterns of clerical activism discovered in the 1960s and 1970s persist today?

The authors discover that theological traditionalists emphasize moral reform and tend to specialize in making pronouncements in religious settings, while modernists stress social justice issues and engage in a wider range of political activities, inside and outside the church. They find that "New Breed" liberals have continued the mainline Protestant activism of the 1960s and '70s, but that Christian Right activists have become just as numerous, drawn from the ranks of previously inactive evangelical clergy. Their book offers a balanced assessment of political activity among both clergy at the end of the century and helps us understand the current relationship between church and state in America.

About the Author

James L. Guth is professor of political science at Furman University and coeditor (with John C. Green) of The Bible and the Ballot Box. John C. Green, professor of political science at the University of Akron, is the coeditor of Religion and the Culture Wars. Corwin E. Smidt teaches political science at Calvin College and is the coeditor of Contemporary Evangelical Political Involvement: An Analysis and Assessment. Lyman A. Kellstedt teaches political science at Wheaton College and is the coeditor of Rediscovering the Religious Factor in American Politics. Margaret M. Poloma teaches sociology at the University of Akron and is the author of The Assemblies of God at the Crossroads: Charisma and Institutional Dilemma.

Additional Titles in the Studies in Government and Public Policy Series