The Implications of Career Ambition in Representative Democracy
[T]hose people who must want to rule people are, ipso facto, those least suited to do it. This is how writer Douglas Adams neatly expressed the common view of political ambition. And yet, it’s hard to imagine any politician getting far without it. Ambitious Politicians brings a welcome study and insight to this conundrum.
Focusing first on the party-centered politics of European democracies, where career ambitions are necessarily different than those in the United States, Patrik Öhberg looks closely at what motivates those aiming at the highest level of the political hierarchy, how these motivators differ between more and less equalitarian societies, and how such ambitions play out. His book, which draws upon a uniquely extensive survey conducted by the Swedish National Election Study Program, is the first thorough study of elite politicians who aspire to the top echelons of the parliamentary system. Politicians with career ambitions have a distinct idea of representation, Öhberg finds; they display a higher degree of political self-regard and are more responsive to the wishes of the party elite in developing strategies. These findings vary among European democracies, and they differ from the traits and trajectories of political ambition in the United States. By identifying the subtleties and charting the differences, Öhberg offers a valuable lesson on whether and how representative democracies are served by politicians driven by personal ambition, or by those subverting such ambitions to the needs of party or state.
“Research on how politicians’ career incentives shapes how representative democracy works is a fast growing field in political science. Öhberg’s book is a major contribution to this exciting new field, as it is the first study to combine an in-depth analysis of one country, Sweden, with data from several other comparable democracies. The observed inverse relationship between the proportion of ‘ambitious’ politicians and political consensus is particularly interesting for future research.”
— Simon Hix, Harold Laski Professor of Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science
“The desire to hold public office is one thing. The ambition to possess public power is quite another. Drawing on a unique data set, Öhberg brings to light marks that distinguish those who aim for power from those who are satisfied with place.”
— Paul M. Sniderman, Fairleigh S. Dickinson, Jr. Professor in Public Policy, Stanford University
“In Ambitious Politicians: The Implications of Career Ambition in Representative Democracy, Patrick Öhberg knits together theories of political ambition as conceived in studies of American politics with data on political careers and personal behaviors in European parliamentary systems. Drawing on extensive and insightful surveys on the attitudes and behavior of Swedish politicians, Öhberg convincingly demonstrates that personal ambition animates behavior in party-centric systems to a greater degree than currently appreciated. His Swedish findings are supported by an analysis of behavioral data on parliamentarians in eleven European countries, although intriguingly the impact of personal ambition varies based on the level of egalitarianism found in a particular country. Örhberg’s work is an important step in the effort to devise more general theories about legislative behavior, ones less bound to country specific systems. It is important reading for scholars of comparative legislative studies.”
— Peverill Squire, professor of political science, University of MissouriSee fewer reviews...
Ambition, this timely book reminds us, has been crucial for political thinkers from Aristotle through the Founding Fathers to the latest candidate for higher office. Informed by history and social science theory, and grounded in a wealth of data, Ambitious Politicians expands our understanding of the important and changing role of such ambition in collective decision-making in our day.