Lizzie Borden on Trial
Murder, Ethnicity, and Gender
Joseph A. Conforti
Most people could probably tell you that Lizzie Borden took an axe and gave her mother forty whacks, but few could say that, when tried, Lizzie Borden was acquitted, and fewer still, why. In Joseph A. Confortis engrossing retelling, the case of Lizzie Borden, sensational in itself, also opens a window on a time and place in American history and culture.
Surprising for how much it reveals about a legend so ostensibly familiar, Confortis account is also fascinating for what it tells us about the world that Lizzie Borden inhabited. As Conforti—himself a native of Fall River, the site of the infamous murders—introduces us to Lizzie and her father and step-mother, he shows us why who they were matters almost as much to the trials outcome as the actual events of August 4, 1892. Lizzie, for instance, was an unmarried woman of some privilege, a prominent religious woman who fit the profile of what some characterized as a Protestant nun. She was also part of a class of moneyed women emerging in the late 19th century who had the means but did not marry, choosing instead to pursue good works and at times careers in the helping professions. Many of her contemporaries, we learn, particularly those of her class, found it impossible to believe that a woman of her background could commit such a gruesome murder.
“Conforti writes in the prologue that he has approached “the crime as more than a murder mystery” but his writing is so beautiful and the story so compelling that at many points the book actually reads like a novel. but it is history, good historical scholarship.”
—New England Quarterly
“[Conforti] explores considerations of ethnicity, class, and gender and how these shaped the investigation, the reporting, the trial, and public understanding.”
—Reviews in American History
“Thoroughly researched and fascinating.”
—Register of the Kentucky Historical Society
“Conforti’s Lizzie Borden on Trial is the scholarly treatment that the subject has been awaiting. . . . In his richly textured narrative, the interplay of class, ethnicity, and gender will interest readers of this journal, as will his clear presentation of the legal issues that unfolded in the courtroom.”
—Journal of Interdisciplinary History
“. . . a fascinating historical account of Fall River’s—and New England’s—grisliest and most infamous 1890s murder.”
“Joseph A. Conforti brings to life fin de sicle Fall Riverin this engaging portrait of Lizzie Borden’s world. Gracefully written and with detailed attention to conflicts of class, ethnicity, and gender, Conforti’s nuanced analysis sheds new light on an old murder.”
—Elizabeth De Wolfe, Ph.D., Chair of the Department of History & Philosophy, University of New England
“Lizzie Borden took an axe. . . or did she? Joseph A. Conforti’s new book on the infamous Victorian spinster who inspired the timeless children's rhyme sheds an incandescent glow on the first, true crime of the century in America.”
—Candace DeLong, Retired FBI Profiler and host of Deadly Women on Investigation DiscoverySee fewer reviews...
As he relates the details, known and presumed, of the murder and the subsequent trial, Conforti also fills in that background. His vividly written account creates a complete picture of the Fall River of the time, as Yankee families like the Bordens, made wealthy by textile factories, began to feel the economic and cultural pressures of the teeming population of native and foreign-born who worked at the spindles and bobbins. Conforti situates Lizzies austere household, uneasily balanced between the well-to-do and the poor, within this social and cultural milieu—laying the groundwork for the murder and the trial, as well as the outsize reaction that reverberates to our day. As Peter C. Hoffer remarks in his preface, there are many popular and fictional accounts of this still-controversial case, but none so readable or so well-balanced as this.