The 1948 Election and the Making of Postwar America
Andrew E. Busch
The Chicago Tribune headline "DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN" remains infamously wrong about the outcome of the 1948 presidential election. But, as Andrew Busch reveals, there is much more to this story than the well-worn image of a victorious and beaming President Harry Truman parading the newspaper's erroneously headlined front page for all to see.
Primarily a contest between Truman and challenger Thomas Dewey, the 1948 presidential race offered something for everyone, including two third-party candidates (Strom Thurmond and Henry Wallace), triumphant grit, tragic hubris, dangerous naiveté, accidents of fate, accusations of betrayal, foreign crises, the birth of Israel in the Middle East, a dramatic special session of Congress, internecine battles among unions and liberals, spies, extremists galore (including Ku Klux Klansmen and Communists), the first televised convention, wayward polls, and, of course, a final result that surprised many.
“Some of the many strengths of Truman’s Triumphs are the interplay between domestic and international politics, the emphasis on party strife, and the capturing of the general mood that ran against Truman. It also provides a solid contribution to understanding of the transformative nature of Truman's election.”
—Journal of American History
“Makes a clear and well-researched contribution, especially in its concluding discussion of interpretations and legacies.”
—Political Science QuarterlySee all reviews...
“An outstanding analysis of the 1948 presidential election and its impact on American political development.”
—Register of the Kentucky Historical Society
“Busch revisits the campaign in great detail and persuasively shows how it shaped politics for several decades. . . . Those who [do] read Truman’s Triumphs will most likely come away thinking that their time has been well-spent.”
“[The book is] something of a handbook on this important election, and scholars will value it for that.”
“The surest, shrewdest interpretation of the key election of 1948.”
—David R. Mayhew, author of Partisan Balance: Why Political Parties Don’t Kill the U.S. Constitutional System
“The common wisdom about the election of 1948 is that it ranks as one of the classic surprises of electoral politics. By treating it as the exact opposite, Busch both introduces the paradox of 1948 and solves it.”
—Byron E. Shafer, author of The Two Majorities and the Puzzle of Modern American Politics
“Busch’s rich and nicely paced narrative may be the best of the many books on this subject.”
—Alonzo L. Hamby, author of Man of the People: A Life of Harry S. Truman
Amid a small library of books on the topic, Busch's stands out by offering the best scholarly study available—and the most readable. His fresh account goes beyond previous work by examining more closely the nomination season, key congressional elections, and the state of public opinion. He also digs into splits in both parties—the Democrats seeing Southern segregationists and the far left run their own candidates and the Republicans facing a division between philosophical wings representing the 80th Congress and the presidential ticket—and tells why the Republican schism proved more damaging. He concludes that the election was especially significant as an affirmation of the New Deal, of anti-Communist containment, and of gradual progress in civil rights-all of which established the political baseline for postwar America.
Even readers knowledgeable about Truman's 1948 victory will discover new findings in this fresh and revealing account of that dramatic race. Truman's Triumphs recalls a contest with more twists and turns—and a different outcome—than most contemporaries anticipated, and makes engaging reading for scholar and history buff alike.