Hitler Strikes Poland
Blitzkrieg, Ideology, and Atrocity
Alexander B. Rossino
Choice Outstanding Title
It was one of the most ruthlessly conceived and executed invasions in the annals of warfare. Hitler's Polish campaign unleashed a blitzkrieg in which SS troops, police squads, and the army itself waged an ethnic war of unprecedented brutality. Tens of thousands of Poles—roughly 80 percent of whom were Christian—were summarily executed in acts of collective punishment. After six weeks, a country was crushed and the world was at war.
“This valuable study reveals the ideological dimensions of Hitler’s five-week conquest of Poland in September 1939. Rossino argues that ‘despite its brevity, the historical importance of the Polish campaign cannot be overestimated.’ . . . With clear, vigorous prose and a significant thesis, Rossino’s study gives us a new perspective on the German invasion of Poland as a ‘dress rehearsal’ for yet greater, perfected barbarities to come.”
—Central European History
“An invaluable introduction to a highly significant phase in National Socialist Germany's prosecution of its ideological policies during the Second World War. Specialists and novices alike will profit greatly from Rossino’s work.”
—Journal of Modern HistorySee all reviews...
“A signal contribution to Western knowledge about [the] German genocidal campaign in Poland.”
“Haunting in its graphic descriptions and photographs of atrocities, [this] book deserves a wide audience.”
—International History Review
“Deeply researched and carefully crafted. . . . The amazing photographs that accompany his narrative recapture the sheer horror of the war’s very first days.”
“Adds profoundly to the debate over the Wehrmacht’s complicity in war crimes and crimes against humanity.”
—History: Reviews of New Books
“A powerful book and an apt documentation of an ethnic war of extreme brutality. . . . Essential reading.”
“A significant contribution to our understanding of World War II.”
—American Historical Review
“An excellent and powerfully written book that every student of the war, the Holocaust, and Nazi Germany will have to read.”
—Omer Bartov, author of Mirrors of Destruction: War, Genocide, and Modern Identity
“Up to now, Operation Tannenberg, the Nazi assault on Poland, has been overshadowed by the enormous literature on Operation Barbarossa. Rossino’s book more than corrects that imbalance with a gripping account that conveys a real feel for those grim times and places.”
—Michael Burleigh, author of The Third Reich: A New History
“Rossino’s fine study provides the ‘missing link’ between the traditional German expansionism of World War I and the ‘war of annihilation’ against the Soviet Union in 1941.”
—Christopher Browning, author of Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland
“An important work for anyone who wants to understand the war and the Wehrmacht’s evolving relationship with National Socialism.”
—Geoffrey P. Megargee, author of Inside Hitler’s High CommandSee fewer reviews...
Usually given short shrift in most histories of World War II, the invasion of Poland was more than a series of opening salvos; it was a testing ground for German brutalities to come. In this first intensive study of the invasion, Alexander Rossino provides a comprehensive study of the Polish campaign, including disturbing new insights into its racist and ideological underpinnings.
Rossino tells how this invasion melded the ideology of the Nazi party with Germany's military yearning for empire in the East. The Polish campaign was important as the first step in Hitler's drive for "living space" for Germans in Eastern Europe, and as the blitzkrieg decimated urban residential areas, civilians soon became indistinguishable from combatants. In addition to describing military operations, Rossino also provides a close analysis of SS plans to murder Polish leaders, German army reprisal policies, and the close collaboration of Wehrmacht and SS forces in the subjugation and execution of Polish citizens.
Rossino considers both top-level decision making and the experiences of German soldiers as he explores the mentality of those who perpetrated crimes against civilians. He particularly investigates the links between Nazi racial-political policies and military action to show that Poland was merely the German army's dress rehearsal for the later slaughter of other Slavs and Jews during the Russian campaign. By providing a detailed examination of atrocities committed by both military and SS personnel, he shows that the Wehrmacht's criminality was clearly evident at the beginning of the war.
Hitler Strikes Poland is a startling reconstruction of history that clearly reveals the extent to which Nazi philosophy drove the German war machine. By placing German expansionism in its ideological context, it can help us better understand the brutality of the years that followed and better appreciate the suffering of the Polish people.