John Adams and the Spirit of Liberty
C. Bradley Thompson
Winner: Foundations of Political Theory Award for the Best First Book
America's finest eighteenth-century student of political science, John Adams is also the least studied of the Revolution's key figures. By the time he became our second president, no American had written more about our government and not even Jefferson or Madison had read as widely about questions of human nature, natural right, political organization, and constitutional construction. Yet this staunch constitutionalist is perceived by many as having become reactionary in his later years and his ideas have been largely disregarded.
“An important book. Thompson illuminates the sources and importance of Adams's political theory and convincingly demonstrates that Adams earned a place among America's greatest political thinkers.”
—American Historical Review
“This is intellectual history as it should be written: powerful and penetrating, compelling and convincing.”
—Times Literary SupplementSee all reviews...
“A superb book: well conceived, highly cogent, and generally persuasive. Thompson’s admirable analysis of the political philosophy of John Adams is by far the best book on this complicated and seminal subject.”
—Journal of the Early Republic
“This is the most thorough and most sophisticated assessment of the political thought of John Adams yet written. Here Adams recovers his rightful place alongside James Madison as one of the leading political thinkers of the revolutionary generation.”
—Joseph J. Ellis, author of Passionate Sage: The Character and Legacy of John Adams
“A remarkable achievement. Thompson gives us a fresh and lucid survey of John Adams’ political writings and—something no scholar has done before—provides a thorough analysis of the contexts in which they were written. What is more, he offers a convincing description of Adams’ thought processes. All in all, a superb study.”
—Forrest McDonald, author of Novus Ordo Seclorum: The Intellectual Origins of the ConstitutionSee fewer reviews...
In the first major work on Adams's political thought in over thirty years, C. Bradley Thompson takes issue with the notion that Adams's thought is irrelevant to the development of American ideas. Focusing on Adams's major writings, Thompson elucidates and reevaluates his political and constitutional thought by interpreting it within the tradition of political philosophy stretching from Plato to Montesquieu.
This major revisionist study shows that the distinction Adams drew between "principles of liberty" and "principles of political architecture" is central to his entire political philosophy. Thompson first chronicles Adams's conceptualization of moral and political liberty during his confrontation with American Loyalists and British imperial officers over the true nature of justice and the British Constitution, illuminating Adams's two most important pre-Revolutionary essays, "A Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law" and "The Letters of Novanglus." He then presents Adams's debate with French philosophers over the best form of government and provides an extended analysis of his Defence of the Constitutions of Government and Discourses on Davila to demonstrate his theory of political architecture.
From these pages emerges a new John Adams. In reexamining his political thought, Thompson reconstructs the contours and influences of Adams's mental universe, the ideas he challenged, the problems he considered central to constitution-making, and the methods of his reasoning. Skillfully blending history and political science, Thompson's work shows how the spirit of liberty animated Adams's life and reestablishes this forgotten Revolutionary as an independent and important thinker.