Empowering the West
Electrical Politics Before FDR
Choice Outstanding Title
While electricity held considerable promise for residents of the American West throughout the 1920s, it did not come with the flip of a switch. That dream could not be realized until it was first determined who would manage the resources from which power was generated.
“This study effectively and shrewdly compares politically and environmentally diverse western cities as Seattle and Los Angeles.”
“Western historians should find Brigham’s analysis of the importance of electrical politics useful.”
—Western Historical QuarterlySee all reviews...
“Overall, this book significantly extends our understanding of electrification. . . . Brigham expands the story, bringing the state back in, probing the roles played by politicians and pressure groups, and reminding us that debates regarding governmental roles were central to the process of electrification in the 1920s.”
—American Historical Review
“The need for strong, historically reasoned analysis of [deregulation of the electrical utility industry] issue is sorely needed, and Empowering the West is a good start that will serve historians and legislators well.”
“Brigham has rendered an important service indicating the widespread support for government’s playing a major role in seeking electrical modernization through a public power generated in dams on the Tennessee and Colorado rivers.”
—Pacific Historical Review
“For a short, concise analysis of the politics of electricity in the 1920s, Brigham does a good job of telling us his story and why it matters to historians.”
—Journal of Arizona History
“This book makes a significant contribution to the literature on technology and politics in the twentieth-century United States. Brigham’s argument about the importance of the political construction of technology is valuable.”
—Carl Abbot, author of The Metropolitan Frontier: Cities in the Modern American West
“This is an important book that will change the way environmental historians and western historians regard the role of electrical power in the development of the West.”
—Hal K. Rothman, editor of Environmental HistorySee fewer reviews...
Westerners were at the forefront of the debate over electric power development even before the construction of large, federally owned dams in the 1930s. At the heart of this debate was a conflict between public power advocates and the private utility industry over control of the environment, a struggle that was played out in the political arena. In this book, Jay Brigham describes that rivalry in the West in the years before the New Deal.
In identifying the political nature of modernization, Brigham shows how citizens did not merely wait for utility companies to bring electricity to them; instead they agitated for lower rates, broader service, and the institution of public power, often playing leadership roles in Congressional debates on these issues. Focusing on the conservative city of Los Angeles and its liberal counterpart Seattle—as well as several small towns in the Midwest—Brigham shows how fierce battles broke out as private and public systems competed for customers and how, despite the differences between these two cities, public power ultimately triumphed in each.
Brigham's study clearly shows that public power was an issue long before Franklin Roosevelt's election. It demonstrates an overlooked continuity from the 1920s to 1930s and establishes a strand of reform between the Progressive Era and the New Deal. In explaining the rationale behind the public power regulatory structures set in place by federal, state, and local governments, it also questions challenges being presented today by advocates of deregulation.
Empowering the West draws on a wealth of material to tell a story that is at once environmental, political, and social history. It broadens the context for studies of growth and development and will change the way that historians regard the role of electrical power in the modernization of the West.