Transatlantic Radicals and the Early American Republic
SHEAR Prize (Society of the Historians of the Early American Republic)
In the transatlantic world of the late eighteenth century, easterly winds blew radical thought to America.
“The chief virtue of Durey’s study lies in the way he is able to ground the movement of radical ideas in the firmer reality of lived experience.”
—Journal of American History
“Academic political scientists should value this work not only for its content but also as a model for understanding politics.”
—Perspectives on Political ScienceSee all reviews...
“Durey’s greatest contribution is his explication of the political, social, and cultural differences that separated the English, Scottish, and Irish radicals from the Jeffersonians and from each other.”
—Australasian Journal of American Studies
“This book illuminates the varieties of opinion that, almost by definition, existed among committed radicals but at the same time demonstrates the significance of Tom Paine in motivating many to criticize both Federalists and Jeffersonians about the direction in which the American Republic should develop.”
—William and Mary Quarterly
“An important and useful book which helps to establish the centrality of British expatriates in American politics during the 1790s.”
—Journal of World History
“Durey illuminates the intellectual and political history of the Atlantic world and helps to frame American radical political thought within a wider perspective.”
“A rich, lucid, and lively account of the English, Scottish, and Irish radicals who escaped imprisonment in the 1790s by fleeing the British Isles to seek refuge in the United States. Michael Durey presents in this collective biography an extraordinary cavalcade of characters, and his study of the experience and consequences of political exile is a significant contribution.”
—Christopher Clark, author of The Roots of Rural Capitalism: Western Massachusetts, 1780–1860
“The careers of the British and Irish émigrés after their arrival provides a fascinating glimpse at what became of Old World radical ideas and personalities once transplanted to the United States. This book will greatly enlarge our understanding of the Atlantic world in the age of revolution.”
—Sean Wilentz, author of Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1788–1850
“An extraordinarily rich and detailed record of these émigrés and their multifaceted impact on the politics of the early republic.”
—Joyce Appleby, author of Capitalism and a New Social OrderSee fewer reviews...
Thomas Paine had already arrived on these shores in 1774 and made his mark as a radical pamphleteer during the Revolution. In his wake followed more than 200 other radical exiles—English Dissenters, Whigs, and Painites; Scottish "lads o'parts"; and Irish patriots—who became influential newspaper writers and editors and helped change the nature of political discourse in a young nation.
Michael Durey has written the first full-scale analysis of these radicals, evaluating the long-term influence their ideas have had on American political thought. Transatlantic Radicals uncovers the roots of their radicalism in the Old World and tells the story of how these men came to be exiled, how they emigrated, and how they participated in the politics of their adopted country.
Nearly all of these radicals looked to Paine as their spiritual leader and to Thomas Jefferson as their political champion. They held egalitarian, anti-federalist values and promoted an extreme form of participatory democracy that found a niche in the radical wing of Jefferson's Republican Party. Their divided views on slavery, however, reveal that democratic republicanism was unable to cope with the realities of that institution.
As political activists during the 1790s, they proved crucial to Jefferson's 1800 presidential victory; then, after his views moderated and their influence waned, many repatriated, others drifted into anonymity, and a few managed to find success in the New World.
Although many of these men are known to us through other histories, their influence as a group has never before been so closely examined. Durey persuasively demonstrates that the intellectual ferment in Britain did indeed have tremendous influence on American politics. His account of that influence sheds considerable light on transatlantic political history and differences in religious, political, and economic freedoms.
Skillfully balancing a large cast of characters, Transatlantic Radicals depicts the diversity of their experiences and shows how crucial these reluctant émigrés were to shaping our republic in its formative years.